– CLASS DIARY & SUMMARY MODULE 2 –

Hello!

Last week we finished the Unit 3; in this one we did some activities about an infectious disease called malaria and to know more about that topic, we did an oral activity. We did groups and we prepared an event in order to warn the illness.

Then we learned some verbs followed by prepositions. Later on, the teacher explained us the Future Perfect and the Will verbal tenses. We did also some activities to practice both tenses.

Moreover, we read a text called “The Dowling Hospital”, we did some activities and we worked the vocabulary out of this text.

To finish the unit, we learned the key language about predicting and we practiced this vocabulary doing some more activities.

The following day, the teacher started the Unit 5 which talks about the transport. I could not go to class, but my classmates explained me the activities that they did in class. To sum up, they did some activities to learn vocabulary about transport, they read a text ‘The Dangers of Safety’ and they practiced the oral communication in class.

SUMMARY MODULE 2: PEOPLE-CENTRED DESIGNING.

Nowadays, a product design is done to improve people’s life; it means that designers try to supply people’s needs, so that a design philosophy based on the needs and desires of users has been developed. This kind of design is called User-Centred Design or People-Centred Design. It is essential to test design products because it is very difficult to create a perfect product.

Sometimes, designers create products that users can not use because they are very difficult to use. The most important is that designers should know the products’ users and the users’ requirements. Designers should listen to their users and understand them.

We must take into account this step in the early stages of the whole process.

First of all, we should obtain the whole information about users and then we should evaluate and list their needs, objectives and other parameters to take into account in the design.

Ideas must be organized and classified according to various groups; in addition, ideas have to be classified according to their importance.

Finally, the product must be checked by the designers and users. It is very important, because its proper operation and compliance must be verified. Furthermore, it is important because if the product does not pass the test, it will have to be redesigned.

We can relate methodologies and techniques, known as People Centered Designing (PCD). Designers use them to know about users’ needs and their behavior. They use them to improve their products.

Now, I am going to talk about some of the techniques included in the PCD.

– USERS’ TEST: It is one of the most important techniques, thus we can evaluate the usability of the designs. It consists of observing how some users do something; therefore problems of usability are analyzed by designers. These proofs are done with 15 people, approximately, dividing them into groups of three. Finally, the information collected is studied to improve the design.

– HEURISTIC EVALUATION: It needs experts to investigate and to evaluate the design. Further, they are necessary to look for problems usability. The design is evaluated independently by the experts and after that, they meet and take decisions about the product.

– CARD SORTING: It consists of a study done with users’ proposals. Users have an unsorted pack of index cards and they have to sort it in different groups. The results of users are combined and then, these are analyzed statistically.

– EYE – TRACKING: It is related to the users’ visual behavior. Mainly, the technique consists of analyzing and studying the visual exploration of the users.

– ETHNOGRAPHY: Designers coexists with users, to understand and to learn about them. According to these two points, the designer has to be able to design products closer adapted to the ethnical necessities.

– INTERVIEW: It is the most direct technique. It consists of doing some questions related to the design which must be answered by the users. This questionnaire provides a subjective result for the designers.

– POLL: This is used to know audience requirements. It can be achieved asking different questions to users, these being answered by a representative statistic proportion of the audience.

– WEB ANALITYC: This term is known as the way to collect information by using the Internet, and analyzing the results we obtain in the research. Their principal advantage is that it is based on the screening of the total amount of users that are using the website.

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